How To Improve Your Tennis Endurance

As a sports performance coach, I understand the importance of endurance in tennis. Tennis is a sport that demands high levels of physical and mental stamina, as players are required to constantly move around the court and maintain focus throughout long matches. In order to excel in tennis, it is crucial to have good endurance.

Improving your tennis endurance requires a combination of physical training, mental preparation, and proper nutrition. This article will provide tips on how to improve your tennis endurance, including exercises that target specific muscles used in tennis, techniques for managing fatigue during matches, and dietary recommendations for fueling your body before and after games. By incorporating these strategies into your training regimen, you can develop better endurance on the court and ultimately enhance your overall performance.

Understanding The Importance Of Endurance In Tennis

Endurance is an essential component of tennis performance. Without proper endurance, players may experience fatigue, decreased power output, and increased risk of injury during the game. Endurance in tennis refers to the ability to maintain a high level of energy throughout the match, allowing players to perform optimally even during extended rallies or sets.

One crucial aspect of endurance in tennis is pacing. Players must learn how to distribute their energy efficiently throughout the match by balancing periods of intense activity with rest and recovery. Pacing involves understanding when to conserve energy and when to expend it. Players who pace themselves well are less likely to experience fatigue and can maintain their performance levels for more extended periods on the court.

Another factor that influences endurance in tennis is breathing techniques. Proper breathing techniques can help players maintain their energy levels and avoid premature exhaustion. Players should focus on taking deep breaths through their nose and exhaling through their mouth during breaks between points or games. This technique helps replenish oxygen levels in the body, reducing feelings of fatigue and improving athletic performance.

In conclusion, developing endurance is critical for success in tennis. An effective way to build stamina is through pacing oneself and utilizing proper breathing techniques during training sessions and matches. The next section will focus on identifying the muscles used in tennis, which can help players understand how best to train these muscles for optimal performance on the court.

Identifying The Muscles Used In Tennis

  1. To improve your tennis endurance, it is important to understand the muscles used in the sport.
  2. During a tennis match, the arms, back, core, legs, abdominals, glutes, shoulders, forearms, quadriceps, hamstrings, hip flexors, trapezius, rhomboids, rotator cuff, and biceps are all used.
  3. Strengthening these muscle groups is essential for developing a stronger, more efficient tennis performance.
  4. The arms are used to generate power in the stroke, while the back and core muscles help to provide stability and balance.
  5. The legs and abdominals help to generate power in the lower body, while the glutes, shoulders, and forearms are used to enhance upper body power.
  6. Finally, the quadriceps, hamstrings, hip flexors, trapezius, rhomboids, rotator cuff, and biceps all contribute to an overall powerful tennis performance.


The arms are an essential part of a tennis player’s body since they are responsible for swinging the racket and hitting the ball. Hence, it’s crucial to understand how to improve arm endurance to sustain high-level performance throughout the game.

To improve arm endurance, tennis players should focus on strengthening exercises that target the biceps, triceps, and forearms. Arm curls, push-ups, and pull-ups are excellent exercises that work on these muscles. Moreover, incorporating resistance bands into your training routine can further enhance your arm strength.

In addition to arm strengthening exercises, proper grip technique is also important in maintaining arm endurance. A tight grip can cause unnecessary tension in the forearm muscles leading to fatigue and reduced performance. Thus, players should use a relaxed grip while holding the racket to reduce stress on their arms.

Finally, it’s important to remember that building endurance takes time and consistency. Incorporating both arm strengthening exercises and proper grip techniques into your regular training routine will gradually improve your arm endurance over time. Therefore, tennis players should commit themselves to consistent training sessions and stay patient in their quest for improved endurance.


The back muscles are essential in tennis since they provide stability and power to a player’s swings. A strong back helps players maintain their posture and balance during the game, reducing the risk of injuries. Thus, identifying the muscles used in tennis and incorporating training techniques that focus on strengthening them can improve a player’s tennis endurance and injury prevention.

To improve back strength, tennis players should include exercises that target the upper, middle, and lower back muscles. Pull-ups, rows, lat pull-downs, and deadlifts are excellent exercises that work on these muscles. Moreover, incorporating core-strengthening exercises such as planks and bridges can also improve overall back strength.

Proper technique is also crucial when performing back strengthening exercises to prevent injury. Tennis players should maintain proper form throughout their workouts by keeping their backs straight and engaging their core muscles. Gradually increasing weight resistance over time will help build strength while maintaining proper technique.

Incorporating consistent training sessions that focus on strengthening the back muscles will gradually improve a player’s tennis endurance. Players should stay patient in their quest for improved endurance since building strength takes time. Furthermore, staying committed to proper techniques while performing these exercises will help prevent injuries and further improve overall performance on the court.


To excel in tennis, a player must identify the muscles used in the sport and develop techniques to strengthen them. In addition to the back muscles, core strength is crucial in improving performance on the court. The core muscles include the abs, obliques, and lower back muscles that help maintain stability during movements such as serves, swings, and changes of direction.

Core stability exercises are an essential aspect of tennis training since they improve balance and coordination while reducing the risk of injury. Pilates is a popular form of exercise that focuses on strengthening the core muscles through controlled movements and breathing techniques. Incorporating Pilates for core strength can benefit tennis players by enhancing their flexibility, endurance, and overall performance.

Aside from Pilates, there are other effective ways to improve core strength for tennis players. Planks, crunches, Russian twists, and bicycle crunches are excellent exercises that target different areas of the core muscles. Maintaining proper form during these exercises is critical to avoid putting unnecessary strain on the lower back or neck.

In conclusion, developing strong core muscles is crucial in improving tennis performance. Stability exercises such as Pilates can help enhance balance and coordination while reducing injury risks. Incorporating various core-strengthening exercises into training sessions will gradually improve endurance and power on the court for tennis players who aim to master their game.

Building Endurance Through Cardiovascular Training

Once you have developed the proper form and technique in tennis, it is important to focus on building your cardiovascular endurance. This will allow you to play longer matches without losing energy or stamina. The key to improving your cardiovascular endurance is through consistent training and using interval training techniques.

Cardiovascular endurance refers to the ability of your heart, lungs, and blood vessels to work together efficiently during physical activity. To improve this aspect of your fitness, it is important to engage in aerobic exercises that challenge your body’s ability to use oxygen effectively. Running, cycling, and swimming are all great options for cardiovascular training.

Interval training techniques involve alternating periods of high-intensity exercise with periods of rest or low-intensity exercise. This type of training not only improves cardiovascular endurance but also helps increase the number of calories burned during a workout. Incorporating sprints or hill repeats into your running routine or incorporating high-intensity intervals into a cycling workout are effective ways to utilize interval training.

To get started with cardiovascular training, aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise per day, five days a week. Gradually increase the duration and intensity of your workouts over time. Remember to listen to your body and adjust as needed.

As you continue to build your cardiovascular endurance through consistent training, you can also incorporate resistance training exercises into your routine for further improvement in overall fitness. The subsequent section will focus on developing strength and power with resistance training techniques that complement cardiovascular endurance training for optimal performance on the court.

Developing Strength And Power With Resistance Training

Resistance training is a great way to improve your tennis endurance. This type of training involves using weights or other forms of resistance to challenge your muscles and build strength. There are many different variations of resistance training that you can use to target specific muscle groups, including bench press, squats, deadlifts, and pull-ups.

When performing resistance training exercises, it is important to use proper form technique. This means that you should maintain proper posture throughout the exercise and avoid any jerky movements or sudden changes in direction. If you are not sure how to perform an exercise correctly, consider working with a sports performance coach or personal trainer who can help you develop proper form.

To get the most out of your resistance training workouts, try incorporating these five items into your routine:

  • Vary the types of exercises you do to target different muscle groups
  • Gradually increase the amount of weight or resistance as your strength improves
  • Aim for 8-12 repetitions per set to build muscular endurance
  • Take adequate rest periods between sets (typically 60-90 seconds)
  • Incorporate core strengthening exercises for overall stability and balance

By following these guidelines, you can effectively build strength and power through resistance training. As you continue to challenge yourself with heavier weights and more challenging exercises, you will notice improvements in your tennis endurance, as well as overall athletic performance.

Incorporating plyometrics into your workout routine can be another effective way to improve your tennis endurance. These explosive movements involve jumping and hopping exercises that help build power and speed. In the next section, we will discuss how plyometrics can benefit your tennis game and provide tips for incorporating them into your workout routine.

Incorporating Plyometrics Into Your Workout Routine

Plyometric exercises are a great addition to any tennis player’s workout routine, as they help improve explosive power and endurance. These exercises involve rapid stretching and contracting of muscles, which helps build strength and speed. The benefits of explosive movements are essential for tennis players who need to quickly move around the court and hit powerful shots.

One popular plyometric exercise for tennis is box jumps. This exercise involves jumping onto a box or step, then jumping down and repeating the process several times in quick succession. Other exercises include squat jumps, jump lunges, and medicine ball throws. These exercises target multiple muscle groups in the legs, hips, and core.

Incorporating plyometric exercises into your workouts can help increase your overall stamina on the court. By building explosive power in your muscles, you’ll be able to move faster around the court and react more quickly to your opponent’s shots. Additionally, these exercises can help reduce the risk of injury by improving joint stability and strengthening muscles.

To get the most out of plyometric training, it’s important to start slowly and gradually increase intensity over time. It’s also important to incorporate proper form when performing these exercises to avoid injury. With consistent practice, incorporating plyometrics into your workout routine can help take your tennis game to the next level.

Transition: Enhancing flexibility and mobility with stretching is another essential component of improving your tennis endurance.

Enhancing Flexibility And Mobility With Stretching

As the saying goes, “flexibility is the key to stability.” In tennis, flexibility and mobility are crucial components of endurance. Without them, players risk injury and decreased performance. Fortunately, there are several ways to enhance flexibility and mobility in order to improve tennis endurance.

One effective method is partner stretching. This involves having a partner assist with stretches that may be difficult to perform alone. Partner stretching can help increase range of motion and flexibility in areas such as the hips, shoulders, and back. It’s important to communicate with your partner about any discomfort or pain during stretching to ensure a safe experience.

Another technique for improving mobility is foam rolling. Foam rolling uses a cylindrical tool to apply pressure to muscles in order to release tension and increase blood flow. This can improve joint mobility and reduce muscle soreness after exercise. Foam rolling can be particularly beneficial for areas such as the IT band, which can become tight from repetitive motions like running or lunging.

In addition to these techniques, incorporating specific stretches into your pre-tennis warm-up routine can also help improve flexibility and mobility. These stretches should target areas commonly used during tennis play such as the legs, shoulders, and wrists. A sports performance coach or physical therapist can recommend specific stretches based on individual needs.

Overall, enhancing flexibility and mobility through partner stretching, foam rolling, and targeted stretches can help improve tennis endurance by reducing the risk of injury and increasing range of motion. By incorporating these methods into training routines regularly, players can achieve greater success on the court.

Transitioning into mental preparation and focus strategies: With improved physical capabilities comes increased mental fortitude. The next step towards achieving optimal tennis endurance involves mental preparation and focus strategies that will allow you to maintain your peak performance throughout long matches or tournaments.

Mental Preparation And Focus Strategies

Having a flexible and mobile body is crucial for a tennis player to perform at their best. However, it’s not just physical preparation that determines an athlete’s success on the court. Mental preparation and focus strategies are equally important in enhancing endurance during matches.

Visualization techniques can help athletes improve their mental and emotional states before a match. This involves creating a mental image of oneself performing at their best, feeling confident, and being successful. Visualization helps players develop a positive mindset, which in turn boosts their endurance levels by reducing stress and anxiety.

Breathing exercises can also be beneficial for improving tennis endurance. Deep breathing exercises help players calm down and control their heart rate during matches, allowing them to conserve energy and stay focused for longer periods. Practicing breathing techniques regularly can also help athletes regulate their breath when under pressure.

Incorporating visualization techniques and breathing exercises into your pre-match routine can significantly improve your endurance levels on the court. By reducing stress levels and regulating breath, you’ll be able to manage fatigue more effectively during matches, allowing you to play at your best for longer periods without losing focus or energy.

Transition: While mental preparation is crucial in enhancing endurance levels during matches, managing fatigue during games is equally important. In the next section, we will explore effective strategies that can be used to maintain optimal performance throughout matches despite fatigue.

Managing Fatigue During Matches

As a tennis player, managing fatigue during matches is essential to maintain optimal performance. One of the keys to managing fatigue is understanding the importance of pacing. Pacing involves controlling and distributing your energy throughout a match. Effective pacing allows you to conserve energy for later in the match when it may be needed most. A common mistake made by many players is starting too fast and using up valuable energy early on, leaving them feeling fatigued later in the match.

Another important consideration when managing fatigue during matches is utilizing breaks effectively. Rest periods between games and changeovers are critical opportunities for players to recover their energy levels. During these intervals, players should rest, rehydrate, and refuel with carbohydrates to help replenish their glycogen stores. Coaches can also use these breaks as an opportunity to provide strategic advice or make adjustments to their player’s game plan.

In addition to pacing and utilizing breaks effectively, players should be mindful of their hydration and electrolyte balance during a match. Dehydration can have a significant impact on athletic performance, leading to decreased endurance, muscle cramps, and impaired cognitive function. To prevent dehydration, players should drink fluids regularly throughout the match and consume electrolyte-rich drinks or snacks during longer matches.

Overall, managing fatigue during matches is crucial for maintaining peak performance on the tennis court. By understanding the importance of pacing, utilizing breaks effectively, and staying hydrated throughout the match, players can improve their endurance and maximize their chances of success on the court. In the next section, we will discuss how proper hydration and electrolyte balance can further enhance athletic performance.

Hydration And Electrolyte Balance

Proper hydration is essential for any athlete, especially tennis players. The importance of hydration cannot be overstated as it directly affects the performance of a player on the court. Dehydration leads to fatigue, cramping, decreased endurance and reaction time. Therefore, it’s crucial for tennis players to maintain adequate hydration throughout the game.

Drinking water is not enough to sustain an athlete’s hydration needs during an intense match or training session. Electrolytes such as sodium, potassium and magnesium are lost through sweat and need to be replenished in order to maintain proper electrolyte balance in the body. Electrolyte-rich drinks like sports drinks can help replace these minerals and prevent dehydration.

It’s important for tennis players to note that not all sports drinks are created equal. Some contain high amounts of sugar which can cause a spike in blood sugar levels followed by a crash, leading to decreased energy levels. Therefore, it’s recommended that tennis players opt for low-sugar electrolyte drinks or even coconut water which contains natural electrolytes.

In summary, proper hydration and electrolyte balance is paramount for success on the tennis court. Tennis players should aim to drink plenty of water before, during and after matches while also incorporating electrolyte-rich drinks into their routine. By doing so, they will boost their endurance, reduce muscle cramps and ultimately improve their overall performance on the court. In order to take their game to the next level, players must also focus on fueling their body with the right nutrients.

Fueling Your Body With The Right Nutrients

As a tennis player, you need to fuel your body with the right nutrients to enhance your endurance during matches. The importance of hydration cannot be overstated. Dehydration can lead to fatigue and affect your ability to perform at an optimal level. Therefore, it is essential to drink water or sports drinks before, during, and after a match. Aim for at least 64 ounces of fluid intake daily and more on match days.

Nutrient timing is another critical aspect of improving your endurance on the court. Consuming the right nutrients at the appropriate time can help you maintain energy levels throughout the game. For example, eating a meal rich in carbohydrates two hours before playing can provide you with sustained energy during the match. On-court nutrition such as energy bars or gels can also be consumed during breaks to refuel.

In addition to proper hydration and nutrient timing, it is important to focus on consuming nutrient-dense foods that support overall health and performance. Foods high in protein such as lean meats, eggs, beans, and nuts help repair and build muscle tissue while complex carbohydrates like whole grains provide long-lasting energy. Fruits and vegetables are also important for their vitamins and minerals that aid in recovery.

In conclusion, fueling your body with the right nutrients is crucial for improving your tennis endurance. Adequate hydration through water or sports drinks ensures that you do not become dehydrated during matches while nutrient timing helps maintain energy levels throughout the game. Furthermore, consuming nutrient-dense foods supports overall health and performance by providing essential vitamins and minerals needed for recovery. In the following section about pre-match meal planning, we will discuss how to make effective food choices that complement your training regimen without negatively affecting your performance on the court.

Pre-Match Meal Planning

  1. Ensuring a balanced diet is essential for optimal tennis performance. It should incorporate a variety of food sources that provide the necessary macronutrients, micronutrients, and hydration for optimal energy levels.
  2. Meal timing is also important as it ensures that your body is properly fueled for the match and that your energy levels remain consistent.
  3. Eating too close to the match can lead to digestion issues and energy crashes, while eating too far away can lead to hunger and fatigue.
  4. Therefore, the ideal pre-match meal should be eaten two to three hours prior to the match to ensure that the body has the energy needed to perform at its best.

Balanced Diet

As a tennis player, you know that endurance is essential to perform well in the court. One way to improve your endurance is by having a balanced diet. Nutrient timing is crucial when it comes to pre-match meal planning. It’s important to have the right amount of carbohydrates, protein, and fat at the right time to provide your body with enough energy.

Before a match, it’s recommended to eat a meal 3-4 hours before the game. This meal should consist of complex carbohydrates such as whole grains, fruits, and vegetables. These foods are slowly digested by the body, providing a steady source of energy throughout the match. On the other hand, foods high in simple sugars should be avoided as they can cause an insulin spike leading to fatigue.

Pre-match hydration is also critical for endurance. Drinking water or sports drinks two hours before a match ensures that your body is hydrated and ready for action. During the match, drinking fluids regularly can prevent dehydration and maintain optimal performance.

In conclusion, having a balanced diet that includes nutrient timing and pre-match hydration can significantly improve your tennis endurance. As a sports performance coach, I recommend planning your meals ahead of time and making healthy choices for better results on the court. Remember that proper nutrition is just as important as physical training when it comes to achieving mastery in tennis performance.

Meal Timing

As a sports performance coach, I understand the importance of pre-match meal planning for tennis players. One aspect of this planning is meal timing, which involves consuming the ideal nutrients at the right time to maximize performance on the court.

To achieve optimal results, it’s recommended to eat a pre-match meal 3-4 hours before playing. This meal should contain complex carbohydrates such as whole grains, fruits, and vegetables that provide sustained energy throughout the match. Additionally, consuming foods high in protein can help repair muscle tissue and support recovery after intense exercise.

Hydration strategies are also crucial for meal timing and endurance during tennis matches. Drinking water or sports drinks two hours before playing ensures that your body is sufficiently hydrated and ready for action on the court. During the match, drinking fluids regularly can prevent dehydration and maintain peak performance.

It’s important to remember that pre-match meal planning isn’t a one-size-fits-all approach. Every player’s nutritional needs vary based on their individual goals and dietary preferences. As a result, I recommend consulting with a nutritionist or registered dietitian to develop a personalized plan that works best for you.

In conclusion, incorporating proper nutrient timing and hydration strategies into your pre-match meal planning can significantly improve your endurance during tennis games. As a sports performance coach, I encourage tennis players to prioritize their nutrition alongside physical training for optimal results on the court.

Post-Match Recovery Strategies

After carefully planning your pre-match meal, it’s equally important to focus on post-match recovery strategies. Tennis is a demanding sport that requires both physical and mental endurance. Without proper recovery, the body will struggle to repair itself, leading to fatigue and injury over time. Here are some tips for maximizing your post-match recovery:

  1. Foam rolling: This self-massage technique helps reduce muscle tension and soreness by applying pressure to specific areas of the body. Spend 10-15 minutes foam rolling after each match to aid in muscle recovery.

  2. Massage therapy for muscle recovery: Professional massages can help improve circulation, reduce inflammation, and promote relaxation. Consider scheduling a massage within 24 hours of playing a match.

  3. Nutrition for post-match recovery: Refuel your body with nutrient-dense foods such as lean protein, complex carbohydrates, and healthy fats. Aim to eat within 30 minutes of finishing your match to aid in muscle repair.

  4. Active recovery exercises: While rest is important for recovery, engaging in low-intensity activities such as walking or yoga can help increase blood flow and reduce stiffness.

By implementing these strategies into your routine, you’ll be able to recover more quickly after matches and feel ready to perform at your best during future games. However, sleep and rest play an equally important role in optimizing performance.

Sleep is critical for muscular repair and growth as well as cognitive function. Aim to get at least seven hours of uninterrupted sleep each night to support overall health and athletic performance. Additionally, taking rest days throughout the week can help prevent burnout and injury while allowing the body time to fully recover from intense activity. Prioritizing both sleep and rest alongside these other post-match strategies will lead to improved tennis endurance in the long run.

Sleep And Rest For Optimal Performance

Did you know that Roger Federer, one of the greatest tennis players of all time, prioritizes sleep as an essential component of his training regimen? Sleep quality and rest duration have a significant impact on athletic performance. As a tennis player looking to improve your endurance, it is crucial to ensure that you are getting enough quality sleep.

Sleep quality refers to how well-rested you feel after sleeping. It is not just about the number of hours you spend in bed but also about the quality of those hours. To maximize your sleep quality, establish a consistent sleep schedule and create a relaxing bedtime routine. Avoiding caffeine and alcohol before bedtime can also improve your sleep quality.

Rest duration refers to the amount of time spent resting between activities, practices, or matches. Rest allows your body to recover and recharge for optimal performance. As a tennis player, incorporating rest days into your training schedule is crucial for reducing fatigue and preventing injuries.

Incorporating adequate sleep and rest into your training regimen can significantly improve your endurance on the court. Prioritizing these elements will help you avoid burnout and enhance overall performance. In the next section, we will discuss how tracking and monitoring your progress can help you stay motivated and continue making improvements in your game.

Tracking And Monitoring Your Progress

Having adequate sleep and rest is essential for optimal performance in any sport, including tennis. It provides the body with time to recover, repair and recharge for the next day’s training or match. However, it’s not enough to rely solely on sleep and rest to improve your endurance on the court. You need to track and monitor your progress continuously.

Setting achievable goals is critical in tracking your progress. This will help you focus on what you want to achieve, whether it’s finishing a match without feeling exhausted or playing multiple sets without taking a break. By setting achievable goals, you can measure your progress over time and see how far you’ve come.

Data analysis is an essential part of tracking progress as it helps identify areas of improvement. For instance, tracking the number of serves you make without fault or the number of shots that land in the intended area can help pinpoint which areas of your game need work. Tracking data also allows you to adjust your training program accordingly.

Self-motivation techniques can be beneficial when working towards achieving long-term goals. Some effective techniques include visualizing success, positive self-talk, and having a growth mindset. Additionally, finding a workout partner for accountability can help push you beyond your limits while providing motivation and support.

Consistency and discipline are vital for long-term success in improving endurance in tennis. It requires following through with a plan consistently while staying disciplined with diet, exercise routine, sleeping habits, and overall lifestyle choices. With discipline comes the ability to overcome setbacks and stay focused on achieving set goals continually.

To maintain consistency when working towards improving endurance levels in tennis requires self-discipline coupled with motivation from personal achievements as well as workout partners’ support. Remember that perseverance pays off eventually even when faced with challenges along the way!

Consistency And Discipline For Long-Term Success

As the saying goes, “Rome wasn’t built in a day.” Similarly, achieving long-term success in tennis requires consistency and discipline. It’s essential to understand that there’s a fine line between consistency and burnout. Therefore, it’s crucial to develop a training schedule that allows for rest and recovery.

Consistency is key when it comes to improving your tennis endurance. It’s not about pushing yourself too hard in one session but rather making incremental progress over time. The best way to achieve this is by developing a training schedule that suits your lifestyle and fitness level. This schedule should include a mix of cardio exercises, strength training, and on-court practice sessions.

It’s essential to avoid burnout when developing your training schedule. You don’t want to overdo it and end up exhausted or injured. To prevent this from happening, make sure you incorporate rest days into your routine. These days should be used for stretching, light exercise, or even just relaxing at home.

In summary, the key to improving your tennis endurance lies in consistency and discipline. Develop a training schedule that suits your lifestyle and fitness level while incorporating rest days to avoid burnout. Remember that progress takes time! Keep working hard, stay motivated, and you’ll see improvements in no time.


Tennis requires a combination of strength, power, speed, and endurance to excel. Endurance is particularly crucial as it enables players to sustain their performance throughout the match. This article has outlined effective strategies for improving tennis endurance. Firstly, cardiovascular training is an excellent way to build stamina and improve overall fitness. Resistance training helps develop strength and power, while plyometrics enhances explosiveness and agility.

Additionally, proper recovery strategies such as rest and sleep are essential for optimal performance. Tracking progress and maintaining consistency with the training program will lead to long-term success. As a sports performance coach, I encourage athletes to visualize themselves performing at their best on the court. Imagine running effortlessly after every ball with energy reserves that seem never-ending. With consistent effort and dedication towards building endurance, any player can achieve this level of performance on the tennis court.